What is gestational surrogacy?
This is when a woman carries the baby of another couple. In other words, the eggs from the patient are fertilized with the sperms of her husband and the resulting embryo is transferred to the uterus of a surrogate mother. This is in reality – ‘Renting a uterus’. After delivery, the baby is handed over to the genetic or biological couple.
When is surrogacy required?
- In women who have no uterus
- In women whose uterus has been badly damaged by tumour or adhesions
- In women who have had repeated miscarriages
- In women who are unable to carry a pregnancy due to serious medical illnesses
Can a surrogate mother be arranged by Jananam?
A surrogate mother is chosen after thorough screening for infectious diseases. In our centre, we have mothers who are usually less than 35 years old who have borne children (one or two). The surrogate mother is thoroughly counseled about the treatment and the consequences.
Consents are signed by all parties. This is a most important step in surrogacy cases. All potential issues need to be carefully clarified, put in writing, signed, and understood by all parties prior to initiation of the treatment.
The patient is stimulated with medications to develop multiple egg development.
The surrogate is placed on medications that thicken the uterine lining and also suppress her menses.
When the patient’s follicles are mature, egg pick up is performed to remove the eggs from her ovaries. The eggs are then fertilized in the laboratory with her partner’s sperm.
The embryos develop in the laboratory for 2- 3 days. Then, an embryo transfer procedure is done which places the embryos in the surrogate’s uterus where they will hopefully implant and develop to result in a live birth.