What is Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)?
Intrauterine Insemination is often the initial approach to treating infertility. Although IUI has significantly lower success rates than IVF, many thousands of couples have conceived with this basic artificial insemination treatment. Success factors such as age, sperm quality and egg quality can influence the IUI pregnancy rates.
IUI is a procedure where sperm collected, prepared and inserted into the uterus of the female through a catheter. It is the closest fertility treatment to natural fertilization that would take place through intercourse as once inserted, the sperm must find its way, on its’ own, through the fallopian tubes to fertilize the egg. In some situations, IUI can include the use of fertility stimulation medications to increase the chances of pregnancy. IUI would not be recommended for women with damaged or blocked fallopian tubes.
When is IUI Indicated?
A detailed fertility assessment will be done on both partners to determine the most appropriate treatment that is indicated based on results of the medical history and medical tests that are carried out. Our lead fertility specialist will discuss the options and advise a treatment procedure that is most likely to give you the best chance of conception.
IUI is indicated in the following candidates:
- Couples with unexplained infertility who are unable to conceive for over a year.
- Women with ovulation disorders, cervical abnormalities or mucus issues.
- Male partner erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation or inability to achieve orgasm during intercourse.
- Male partner fertility issues such as low sperm count, low sperm motility, or abnormal sperm size and shape.
- Couples with unspecified infertility who have been trying to have a baby for at least a year.