What is semen analysis?
This is a basic test to see if your semen contains the right number of sperms with a good proportion of normal-looking sperms that are able to move rapidly.
When can a semen test be done?
We advise you to avoid intercourse for not longer than 2-3 days before the test.
How is this test done?
First of all, we need you to collect your semen. We will provide you with a clean, sterile, non-toxic container.
Please read the following guidelines before collecting the sample:
- If you are currently taking any medications, please inform the physician prior to collecting your sample.
- Make sure that the container is labeled with your name and your partner’s name, days of abstinence, the date and time of collection.
- First, pass urine before collecting semen.
- Wash your hands and penis thoroughly and rinse well and dry with tissue paper. (Do not use soap).
- Please avoid collection during intercourse as the first part of the semen which contains the maximum number of sperms will be lost.
- Do not use condoms during collection. These contain a substance that will kill sperms. (Only special, non-toxic condoms designed for semen collection can be used).
- The sample should be obtained by masturbation and ejaculated into a clean, wide-mouth sterile container.
- Do not touch the inner portion of the sterile container with hands.
- Do not spill water or urine inside the specimen container.
- Do not spill the sample. Make sure that all the ejaculate is collected into the container.
- If the sample is collected at home, deliver the sample to the laboratory within 30 minutes of collection.
- During transport to the laboratory, the sample should be kept at 37°C or by bodily contact (trouser pocket).
How is semen analysis done?
- We first measure the quantity of semen. This must be at least 1.5 ml.
- We next wait for the semen to become a liquid. After ejaculation, semen becomes a thick gel and then slowly liquefies within 30 minutes. Very thick semen which does not become liquid is abnormal and may interfere with sperm movement.
- Next, we check the number of sperms under a microscope. Normally, the number must be above 15M/ml.
- Next, we check how many sperms are moving under a microscope. Normally at least 50% of sperms must move forward rapidly.
- Then we look at the sperms and check whether they look normal. At least 4% of sperms must look normal.
- Your test results will be ready in an hour. Your doctor and an andrologist will discuss the results with you.